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What Is Diabetes? Types of Diabetes

Diabetes, well, this is a very broad topic that we cannot debate upon. Diabetes is also called as the Diabetes Mellitus. It is the metabolic disorder in which a person has higher blood glucose levels. There could be the number of reasons that can promote the formation of Diabetes. These reasons could be:

  1. Genetics
  2. Obesity
  3. Autoimmune destruction of beta cells
  4. Environmental factors
  5. Lifestyle Habits
  6. Insulin Resistance
  7. Abnormal Glucose Production by Liver
  8. Metabolic Syndrome

Besides these, there are also many causes that can influence the disease of diabetes. According to research on Diabetes, it is suggested that is the most common disease and is affecting almost 371 million people all across the globe. And according to recent research on Diabetes, it is estimated that Diabetes is the 7th major cause of deaths in United States of America. This is because of the fact that diabetes is not curable, but it can be managed with the lifestyle changes and adequate diet.

Besides of the fact that almost 371 million people are suffering from this diseases, and out of them, about 187 million people didn’t know that they have diabetes. So there is the dearth need of awareness on this subject that can help the people with to do away with their disease.


Types of Diabetes:

Basically, there are two common types of Diabetes. These are:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes
  2. Type 2 Diabetes

In order to understand about the types of Diabetes, we need to discuss them in detail.


Type 1 Diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes is the condition in which the person cannot produce enough insulin in the body to carry out his normal bodily processes. This type of the diabetes is not very common and among the total diabetic population, only 10 percent of people suffer from type 1.

Because of the fact that body fail to produce insulin in his body, type 1 diabetes is also referred to as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus or IDDM. The person suffering from this condition needs to take insulin injections for the rest of his life to maintain the sugar metabolism in his body. Most of the time, people under 40 years of age are the victim of IDDM.


Type 2 Diabetes:

However, Type 2 Diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and about 90 percent of people are suffering from this condition. This condition arises when the person cannot produce adequate amount of the insulin or body becomes insensitive to hormone of insulin.

Type 2nd diabetes is mostly caused due to the poor lifestyle habits and environmental factors. Managing this type of diabetes is much easier to control than the Type 1 Diabetes, as changing lifestyle and maintaining weight can maintain the sugar levels of a person.


Gestational Diabetes:

This diabetes is not due to metabolic disorder. This is the special classification and occurs only in women when they are pregnant. But, not every woman has to deal with gestational diabetes during her pregnancy. This is because women having higher blood glucose formation due to placental needs cannot be maintained by body’s insulin production.

So consuming low cholesterol diet during pregnancy can reduce the risks of gestational diabetes in women.